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The chameleon Calumma gastrotaenia from Madagascar boreas field work Satellite-to-In Situ Ocean Measurements Landsat post-Katrina image MODIS Image of California Wildfires North America
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Observations and Flight Programs

Missions

NASA, as an aerospace research and development agency, sponsors and conducts flight missions to obtain data in furtherance of its objectives. In NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD), flight missions range from suborbital projects—including balloons, sounding rockets, and airplanes—to interplanetary probes and flagship observatories. All investigations and missions selected and flown must respond to Agency goals and strategic objectives. Mission opportunities are open to all proposers, within fixed rules, via public announcement, and selections are based primarily on scientific and technical merit as evaluated by independent peer review. Foreign partners are frequent and valued participants in joint missions. The partnerships are generally conducted on a cooperative, no-exchange-of-funds basis. NASA also works closely with a number of other Federal agencies to implement and support our flight missions.

SATELLITE MISSIONS AND INSTRUMENTS
Currently In Orbit
    Systematic
      Landsat-5
        TM: Thematic Mapper
      Landsat-7
        ETM+: Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus
      LDCM: Landsat Data Continuity Mission
        OLI: Operational Land Imager
        TIRS: Thermal Infrared Sensor
      Terra
        CERES: Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System
MISR: Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer
MODIS: Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
ASTER: Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
MOPITT: Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere
      Aqua
        AIRS: Atmospheric Infrared Sounder
AMSU-A: Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit -A
CERES: Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System
MODIS: Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
HSB: Humidity Sounder for Brazil
AMSR-E: Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS
      OrbView-2
  SeaWiFS: Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor
NPP: NPOESS Preparatory Project
Technology Development
 
    ALI: Advanced Land Imager
Hyperion
Atmospheric Corrector
  In Development
    Systematic
      NPOESS: National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
    Earth System Science Pathfinder
      OCO: Orbiting Carbon Observatory
DECADAL SURVEY MISSIONS RECOMMENDED BY NRC
      DESDynI: Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice
ICESat-II: Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite II
HyspIRI: Hyperspectral Infrared Imager
GEO-CAPE: Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events Mission
ACE: Aerosol-Cloud-Ecosystems
ASCENDS: Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons
      SMAP: Soil Moisture Active-Passive
SWOT: Surface Water and Ocean Topography
LIST: Lidar Surface Topography
XOVWM: Extended Ocean Vector Winds Mission
SUBORBITAL
    Airborne
      AVIRIS: Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer
UAVSAR: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar
   

In-Situ - The following In-situ networks monitor data used for validation and support activities.

 

EOS Land Validation Sites

FTIR: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

AERONET : Aerosol Robotics Network
Ocean Buoys

 

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NASA Official: Jim Collatz 
Curator: Carla Evans